Decoupled CMS, also known as headless CMS, has its front-end component (the head) removed, and what remains is a backend delivering content via an RESTful API.
Because of its backend-only nature, it does not care about how the content is displayed: its focus is just on storing and delivering the content, and nothing more.
Decoupled CMS architecture (aka “headless”) is rising in popularity in the development world. This model allows breakthrough user experiences, gives developers great flexibility to innovate, and helps site owners future-proof their builds by allowing them to refresh the design without re-implementing the whole CMS. With all this upside, it’s no wonder this type of build has gained serious traction in both the Drupal and WordPress communities as of late.
Drupal and WordPress are both traditionally “monolithic” CMSs, with presentation baked in via the theme. However, due to the need for more flexibility and freedom, many developers have begun decoupling the CMS, using it for content management, editorial, and administrative tools, while implementing a separate frontend component that communicates with the CMS via API.
In some sense, Decoupled CMS is PHP agnostic setup on the front-end.
As the CMS is decoupled, Static or Hybrid SPA can be developed using WordPress or Drupal.
Here are some benefits of decoupled CMS.
- Value: future-proof your website implementation, lets you redesign the site without re-implementing the CMS
- Sets frontend developers free from the conventions and structures of the backend. Headless development not only eliminates “div-itis”, it gives frontend specialists full control over the user experience using their native tools.
- Speeds up the site by shifting display logic to the client-side and streamlining the backend. An application focused on delivering content can be much more responsive than one that assembles completely formatted responses based on complex rules.
- Builds true interactive experiences for users by using your website to power fully functional in-browser applications. The backend becomes the system of record and “state machine”, but back-and-forth interaction happens real-time in the browser.